One of Sudan’s natural gates on the Red Sea is Port Sudan, which is one of the most efficient ports in Africa. The Port Sudan, which opened in 1909 and which has a capacity of 1.3 million containers per year, is not only the main port of Sudan, but also considered an important seaport for some of the neighbouring countries closed off from the sea, such as Ethiopia, Chad and South Sudan.2
However, there are many shortcomings that reduce its efficiency, such as congestion and delays in the movement of freight, and capacity constraints. As a result of these shortcomings, capacity—of Port Sudan, in particular—is reduced to 80% at best.56 There is an urgent need to improve the efficiency of Port Sudan and other ports, such as the port of Suakin on the Red Sea, to aid in the revival of the country and the speed of investment recovery. President Bashir and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan signed a number of agreements in 2017, including Turkey’s reconstruction of Suakin.3 However, observers saw the $4 billion deal between Turkey, Qatar and Sudan to develop Suakin as a highly strategic and politically sensitive move, as it could allow Turkey to establish a military presence on the Red Sea. At least for the time being, these projects appear to have stalled. A $2.4 billion contract to develop and operate the port, given to the Philippine company ICTSI to manage and operate the southern container terminal at Port Sudan for 20 years, was also suspended. Opponents to the deal believe that the company is a front for Dubai Ports World.58 It is important to raise the efficiency of Port Sudan to raise the level and rates of Sudanese exports of agricultural and animal products.
There are a number of regional and international initiatives for the Red Sea in which Sudan has been actively involved, including but not limited to:
It is believed that, the ports of Sudan will undergo a tremendous development with the new era in Sudan. Tis a challenging area for the new governments.